HISSM Subareas

This chart summarizes, and gives examples for, the subareas of the HISSM.

Enabling Environment

Subareas

Definition

Illustrative Examples

HIS governance and leadership

This is subarea involves ensuring strategic policy frameworks exist and are combined with effective oversight, coalition building, regulation, attention to system-design, and accountability.  Activities in this subarea typically occur at the national or central level and include the following:

  • Partnerships, coalitions, and coordinating bodies within and across government agencies
  • Health sector, health information system (HIS) and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) planning policy, and strategy or legislation
  • Electronic health policy and digital health or information and communication technology standards including privacy and security
  • Identification of information needs and indicators
  • Establishing a national malaria M&E technical working group to develop key malaria indicators and an M&E strengthening plan
  • Providing technical assistance for the National Malaria M&E Plan and National Malaria Control Program Strategic Plan
  • Convening policymakers to review data for planning and decision making
  • Establishing a national malaria M&E technical working group to develop key malaria indicators and an M&E strengthening plan
  • Providing technical assistance for the National Malaria M&E Plan and National Malaria Control Program Strategic Plan
  • Convening policymakers to review data for planning and decision making

HIS management

HIS management covers such activities as planning and organizing HIS activities.  Activities in this subarea usually work to build capacity, infrastructure, or capability at the national or central level, addressing a variety of data sources:

  • Financial resources management
  • Infrastructure development, supply, and maintenance
  • In-service and continuous education
  • Human resources training development and training
  • Information and communication technology development and infrastructure
  • Development of standard operating procedures to cover a variety of data sources
  • Support provision of reporting forms, laptops, and guidance documents at national and subnational levels 
  • Support for capacity building through training for national M&E units
  • Conduct training of trainers to build capacity in central level data managers to provide training in data quality assurance for regional health centers
  • Create standard operating procedures to address privacy and security standards
  • Develop
  • Support provision of reporting forms, laptops, and guidance documents at national and subnational levels  
  • Support for capacity building through training for national M&E units
  • Conduct training of trainers to build capacity in central level data managers to provide training in data quality assurance for regional health centers
  • Create standard operating procedures to address privacy and security standards
  • Develop

Information Generation

Subareas

Definition

Illustrative Examples

Data sources

This includes the design, rollout, and revision of the following data sources:

  • Population-, institution-, and resource-based data systems
  • Institution (patient records)
  • Human resource: infrastructure including technology, human resources, and pharmaceutical and laboratory supplies and logistics
  • Rollout of DHIS 2 database at national level
  • Ongoing rollout of database at subnational levels
  • Integrate laboratory information system with the national DHIS 2 database
  • Rollout of DHIS 2 database at national level
  • Ongoing rollout of database at subnational levels
  • Integrate laboratory information system with the national DHIS 2 database

Data management

This subarea supports the availability of data sources and functioning of data subsystems.  This includes:

  • Development and regular use of standard operating procedures and guidance for data managers
  • Data quality assurance practices
  • Development and production of data collection tools
  • Supportive supervision tools and procedures
  • Data quality assessments and data ethics procedures
  • Conduct regular routine data quality audits
  • Develop and distributed DHIS 2 harmonized data collection tools to all health zones
  • Develop tools for supportive supervision at health facilities
  • Conduct regular supportive supervision visits
  • Conduct regular routine data quality audits
  • Develop and distributed DHIS 2 harmonized data collection tools to all health zones
  • Develop tools for supportive supervision at health facilities
  • Conduct regular supportive supervision visits

Information products and dissemination

This subarea covers a variety of information products available for a variety of purposes to various users. This also includes trainings or other processes that lead directly to information products (such as trainings on use of visual dashboards). This covers:

  • Routine reports, bulletins, and data briefs
  • Stakeholder dissemination meetings
  • Feedback mechanisms (dashboards and scorecards)
  • Nonroutine reports
  • Websites and social media
  • Support to produce ongoing monthly health sector bulletins
  • Dissemination of a national HIS strategic plan
  • Support to compile and produce an annual report
  • Support to produce ongoing monthly health sector bulletins
  • Dissemination of a national HIS strategic plan
  • Support to compile and produce an annual report
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