Mapping Health Service Availability in Nicaragua

The Nicaraguan Health Facility Survey (NHFS) mapped the location of and recorded characteristics of every health facility in Nicaragua. MEASURE Evaluation researchers input these data into a GIS and used a new data analysis technique, Kernal Density Estimation (KDE), to calculate accurate ratios of health facilities and facility staff members to nearby populations. In addition to uncovering important salient features of Nicaragua’s health system, this study provides new validation and testing of KDE in the public health setting.