Men's condom use at last sex

The percentage of male respondents who say they used a male condom the last or more recent time they had sex with a female partner, within the last 12 months.

This indicator is calculated as follows:

(Number of respondents who report using a condom the last time they had sex with a female partner / Total number of respondents who report having sex in the past 12 months with a female partner) x 100


Self-reported data from respondents of special surveys among the male clients at health facilities, program-based sexual and reproductive health sites, or among the men in the general public (population based)

This indicator can be disaggegrated by age, marital status (all men, currently married men, or sexually active unmarried men), and geographic location.


Population-based surveys, such as Demographic Health Survey (DHS men's questionnaire), AIDS Indicator Survey, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey or other representative survey 


Male condoms are one of the few male-controlled contraceptive methods. Tracking this indicator can reveal changes in men taking responsibility for family planning (FP). Because this is also a key HIV indicator, it can also signify changes in HIV prevention behavior. 


It is not possible, from this indicator, to correctly assess "use" and determine if men used the condom correctly.

Again, because this is also a key HIV indicator, it may be difficult to discern if an increase in this indicator is the result of improvements to FP programming and better engagement of men in FP, or if it is the result of improved HIV initiatives to increase access to and use of male condoms.

The indicator may be subject to reporting bias. Men may feel that reporting use of condoms makes them appear less masculine and underreport use or, in areas where there have been major campaigns promoting condom use, men may be more likely to report use at last sexual intercourse when, in fact, they did not use condoms.


family planning, HIV/AIDS, male engagement
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