Zambia Sexual Behavior Survey 1998

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Year: 1999


The 1998 Zambia Sexual Behavior Survey (ZSBS) collected information on key indicators of HIV/AIDS/STD-related indicators of knowledge, attitude, and sexual behavior. The population-based survey consisted of a national sample of 1943 households, 97% of which responded. Individual response rates among eligible men and women were 92% and 96%, respectively. This 95-page report summarizes the ZSBS findings. Some key findings: virtually all respondents had heard of AIDS, and 86% of men and 78% of women thought that HIV infection could be avoided. Two-thirds of men and 57% of women agreed that condom use was an effective prevention method. Only 7% of respondents thought it was acceptable for a married man to have extra-marital sexual relations, but 19% of men and 29% of women thought a man could not be sexually satisfied with just one partner. One in five adults were estimated to be HIV positive by 1995; however, few people knew their HIV status, and many held negative attitudes about HIV-positive people. Sexual behavior in Zambia had not changed drastically from 1996 to 1998, though unmarried men did report fewer partners. Close to one-thid of men reported using condoms in non-marital relationships, a slight decrease from 1996.

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