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MEASURE Evaluation suggests consulting the list of resources below to learn more about monitoring and evaluating community-based HIV programs.

Action for the Rights of Children. UNHCR. Critical Issues Abuse and Exploitation. Retrieved from

Ahmed, S., Kim, M. H., Sugandhi, N., Phelps, B. R., Sabelli, R., Diallo, M. O., . . . The Child Survival Working Group of the Interagency Task Team on the Prevention and Treatment of HIV infection in Pregnant Women, Mothers and Children. (2013). Beyond early infant diagnosis: Case finding strategies for identification of HIV-infected infants and children. Retrieved from

Bachman, G. (2017). Core, near core and non‐core activities: How PEPFAR countries prioritize activities, implement priorities, and determine future plans for transition. Retrieved from

Biadgilign, S., Deribew, A., Amberbir, A., Escudero, H. R., & Deribe, K. (2011). Factors associated with HIV/AIDS diagnostic disclosure to HIV infected children receiving HAART: A multi-center study in addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Retrieved from

Biemba, G., Walker, M. E., & Simon, J. (2009). Nigeria research situation analysis on orphans and other vulnerable children. Boston University, Center for Global Health & Development Initiative for Integrated Community Welfare in Nigeria. Retrieved from

Bloom, S. (2017, December 13). Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators. Retrieved from

Cantwell, N., Davidson, J., Elsley, S., Milligan, I., & Quinn, N. (2012). Moving Forward: Implementing the “Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children.” Glasgow, Scotland: UK Centre for Excellence for Looked After Children in Scotland. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1998). STD treatment to prevent HIV Infection: Implications of recent community-level studies. Retrieved from

Chapman, J. (2014). Core OVC program impact indicators. Retrieved from

Chapman, J., & Parker, L. (2015). MER Essential Survey Indicators - MEASURE Evaluation. Presentation. Retrieved from

Children, HIV and AIDS. (2018). Retrieved from

Condom use at last high-risk sex. (2018, January 16). Retrieved from

Contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR). (2017). Retrieved from

de la Torre, C. (2013). Monitoring referrals to strengthen service integration. Retrieved from

Delivery Care. (2016). Retrieved from

The DHS Program. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Economic strengthening. (2016). Retrieved from

Facts and figures: HIV and AIDS. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Family planning/Contraception. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Garner, P., Smith, H., Munro, S., & Volmink, J. (2011). Promoting adherence to tuberculosis treatment. Retrieved from

The Global Fund. (2017). HIV indicators. Retrieved from

Guidance on oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for serodiscordant couples, men and transgender women who have sex with men at high risk of HIV. (2015). Retrieved from

Gunn, J. K., Asaolu, I. O., Center, K. E., Gibson, S. J., Wightman, P., Ezeanolue, E. E., & Ehiri, J. E. (2016). Antenatal care and uptake of HIV testing among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa: A cross-sectional study. Retrieved from

Gutierrez, J. P., McPherson, S., Fakoya, A., Matheou, A., & Bertozzi, S. M. (2010). Community-based prevention leads to an increase in condom use and a reduction in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSW): The Frontiers Prevention Project (FPP) evaluation results. BMC Public Health, 10(497). Retrieved from

Han, H., Kim, K., Murphy, J., Cudjoe, J., Wilson, P., Sharps, P., & Farley, J. (2018). Community health worker interventions to promote psychosocial outcomes among people living with HIV—A systematic review. PLoS ONE 13(4):e0194928.

Hargreaves, J. R., Morison, L. A., Kim, J. C., Bonell, C. P., Porter, J. D., Watts, C., . . . Pronyk, P. M. (2008). The association between school attendance, HIV infection and sexual behaviour among young people in rural South Africa. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 62, 113–119.

Hermann, K., Damme, W. V., Pariyo, G. W., Schouten, E., Assefa, Y., Cirera, A., & Massavon, W. (2009). Community health workers for ART in sub-Saharan Africa: Learning from experience—capitalizing on new opportunities. Retrieved from

HIV prevention based on ARV drugs. (2013). Retrieved from

Ibrahim, S., & Sidani, S. (2014). Community-based HIV prevention intervention in developing countries: A Systematic review. Retrieved from

Interpretation of Mid-Upper Arm Circumference MUAC indicators. (n.d.). Retrieved from

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). (2014). Guidance note: Human rights and the law. Geneva, Switzerland: UNAIDS. Retrieved from

Kennedy, C., Medley, A., Sweat, M., & O’Reilly, K. (2011). Behavioural interventions for HIV-positive prevention in developing countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Retrieved from

Kerrigan, D. L., Fonner, V. A., Stromdahl, S., & Kennedy, C. E. (2013). Community Empowerment Among Female Sex Workers is an Effective HIV Prevention Intervention: A Systematic Review of the Peer-Reviewed Evidence from Low- and Middle-Income Countries. AIDS and Behavior, 17(6), 1926–1940.

Lema, I. A., Sando, D., Magesa, L., Machumi, L., Mungure, E., Sando, M. M., . . . Bärnighausen, T. (2014). Community health workers to improve antenatal care and PMTCT uptake in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: A quantitative performance evaluation. Retrieved from

Maternal Mortality. (n.d.). Retrieved from

MEASURE Evaluation (2016). Community-Based Information Systems in the Global Context: A review of the literature. Retrieved from

MUAC Tape - Mid-Upper Arm Circumference [MUAC] - Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition - Feeding practices including micronutrient deficiencies prevention, control of wasting, stunting and underweight. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Mukherjee, J. S., Barry, D., Weatherford, R. D., Desai, I. K., & Farmer, P. E. (2016). Community-based ART programs: Sustaining adherence and follow-up. Retrieved from

National AIDS programmes. (2004). A guide to monitoring and evaluating HIV/AIDS care and support (Rep.). (2004). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Retrieved from;jsessionid=10A5A38CBC9163B77825FA9D6022970D?sequence=1

Onyango, M. A., Adu-Sarkodie, Y., Agyarko-Poku, T., Asafo, M. K., Sylvester, J., Wondergem, P., . . . Beard, J. (2015, March 01). “It's all about making a life”: Poverty, HIV, violence, and other vulnerabilities faced by young female sex workers in Kumasi, Ghana. Retrieved from

OVC Survey Toolkit. (2017, June 13). Retrieved from

Perez, F., Aung, K. D., Ndoro, T., Engelsmann, B., & Dabis, F. (2008). Participation of traditional birth attendants in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV services in two rural districts in Zimbabwe: A feasibility study. Retrieved from

Pettifor, A. (2015). Cash transfers conditional on schooling do not prevent HIV infection among young women in South Africa. Retrieved from

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. (2018). Retrieved from

Rolon, M. L., Syvertsen, J., Robertson, A. M., Rangel, M., Martinez, G., Ulibarri, M., . . . Strathdee, S. (2013, June 1). The influence of having children on HIV-related risk behaviors of female sex workers and their intimate male partners in two Mexico-US border cities. Retrieved from

Sabate, E. (2015, December 21). Adherence to Long-Term Therapies: Evidence for Action. Retrieved from

Sarfo, B., Vanderpuye, N. A., Addison, A., & Nyasulu, P. (2017). HIV case management support service is associated with improved CD4 counts of patients receiving care at the antiretroviral clinic of Pantang Hospital, Ghana. AIDS Research and Treatment, 4697473.

Sexual and Gender-Based Violence. (2018, January 12). Retrieved from

Shanaube, K., Schaap, A., Chaila, M., Floyd, S., Mackworth-Young, C., Hoddinott, G., . . . Ayles, H. (2017). Community intervention improves knowledge of HIV status of adolescents in Zambia: Findings from HPTN 071-PopART for youth study. AIDS, 31(Suppl 3), S221–S232. Retrieved from

Silverman, J. G. (2011). Adolescent female sex workers: Invisibility, violence and HIV. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 96(5), 478-481. Retrieved from

Stark, L., Rubenstein, B., Muldoon, K., & Roberts, L. (2014). Guidelines for implementing a national strategy to determine the magnitude and distribution of children outside of family care. Washington, DC: USAID Center of Excellence on Children in Adversity. Retrieved from

Steen, R., Wi, T. E., Kamali, A., & Ndowa, F. (2009). Control of sexually transmitted infections and prevention of HIV transmission: Mending a fractured paradigm. Retrieved from

Stringer, E., Chi, B., Chintu, N., Creek, T., Ekouevi, D., Coetzee, D., . . . Stringer, J. (2011). Monitoring effectiveness of programmes to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in lower-income countries. Retrieved from

Tang, A., Quick, T., Chung, M., & Wanke, C. (2015). Nutrition Assessment, Counseling, and Support (NACS) interventions to improve health-related outcomes in people living with HIV/AIDS: A systematic review of the literature. Retrieved from

Taraphdar, P., Guha, R. T., Haldar, D., Chatterjee, A., Dasgupta, A., Saha, B., & Mallik, S. (2011). Socioeconomic consequences of HIV/AIDS in the family system. Retrieved from

Tumilowicz, A. (2010). Guide to screening for food and nutrition services among adolescents and adults living with HIV. Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project (FANTA-2), Academy for Educational Development. Retrieved from

UNAIDS. (2015. UNAIDS: AIDSinfo - Global AIDS Response Progress Reporting (GARPR). Retrieved from

The United Nations Children’s Fund. (n.d.). Lesson list assessment mini-lesson 3.1.3. Retrieved from

The United Nations Children’s Fund. (2005). HIV and Infant Feeding. Retrieved from

The United Nations Children’s Fund. (2016, August 22).  HIV and nutrition. Retrieved from

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (2013). Core Indicators for the monitoring and evaluation of education sector responses to HIV and AIDS in countries with a generalized epidemic. In Measuring the education sector response to HIV and AIDS Guideline for the construction and use of core indicators. Paris, France: UNESCO. Retrieved from

The United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) (2018). Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER 2.0) Indicator Reference Guide Updated Release (Version 2.2). Washington, DC: PEPFAR. Retrieved from

Vinod, M., & Bignami-Van Assche, S. (2008). Orphans and vulnerable children in high HIV-prevalence countries in sub-Saharan Africa (English). Calverton, Maryland, USA: Macro International Retrieved from

Violence against women and HIV. (2014, November 28). Retrieved from

Walker, P., McGrath, M., & Schafer, A. (n.d.). CHWs and mental health: Equipping community health workers with essential skills for addressing mental health and violence in the home. CHWCentral. Retrieved from

Woldesenbet, S. A., Jackson, D., Goga, A. E., Crowley, S., Doherty, T., Mogashoa, M. M., . . . Sherman, G. G. (2015). Missed opportunities for early infant HIV diagnosis: Results of a national study in South Africa. Retrieved from

Workforce. (n.d.). Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2006). Psychosocial support. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2010). AIDS treatment, nutrition and food supplements. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2013). 5.1 HIV testing and counselling. Retrieved from World Health Organization. (n.d.). HIV/AIDS. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2016). Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection: Recommendations for a public health approach. Second edition. Retrieved from

World Health Organization (2017). HIV testing services. Retrieved from

World Health Organization (WHO) & United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). (‎2015)‎. Strengthening the medico-legal response to sexual violence. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Retrieved from

Wudineh, F., & Damtew, B. (2016). Mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection and its determinants among exposed infants on care and follow-up in Dire Dawa City, Eastern Ethiopia. Retrieved from

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