Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world, with about 30 percent of its almost 89 million people living on less than US $1.25 a day. Most depend on subsistence agriculture and are vulnerable to food insecurity, and many Ethiopians face a high threat to their health from malaria and HIV infection. Malaria is considered the leading communicable disease in the country especially for poor communities and women, due to lack of health education, lack of social empowerment, and low awareness of precautions and access to services.
MEASURE Evaluation began working with Ethiopia’s Ministry of Health in 2008 to focus on monitoring the number of malaria cases. Our work, which ended in 2014, included a broad array of activities, such as improving the quality of data through health management information systems (HMIS) that assist health systems to better respond to malaria, HIV and AIDS, and other health issues. MEASURE Evaluation’s focus in Ethiopia included:
- Building HMIS systems to support planning, management, and decision making in health facilities and organizations throughout Ethiopia’s Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region.
- Building a community health information system, which organizes data gathered at the district level and at health posts, the most basic health service level in the country.
- Building technical monitoring and evaluation capacity through the Global Evaluation and Monitoring Network for Health (GEMNet-Health), an international network of regional training partners that includes faculty and colleagues from Addis Ababa University and Addis Continental Institute of Public Health.